Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions.
The diseases are less prevalent in temperate climates, due in part to the occurrence of a cold season, which controls the insect population by forcing hibernation. However, many were present in northern Europe and northern America in the 17th and 18th centuries before the modern understanding of disease causation. The initial impetus for tropical medicine was to protect the health of colonial settlers, notably in India under the British Raj. Insects such as mosquitoes and flies are by far the most common disease carrier or vectors. These insects may carry a parasite, bacterium or virus that is infectious to humans and animals. Most often disease is transmitted by an insect "bite", which causes transmission of the infectious agent through subcutaneous blood exchange. Vaccines are not available for most of the diseases listed here, and many do not have cures.
Human exploration of tropical rainforests, deforestation, rising immigration and increased international air travel and other tourism to tropical regions has led to an increased incidence of such diseases in non-tropical countries.
In 1975 the Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) was established to focus on neglected infectious diseases which disproportionately affect poor and marginalized populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, Central America and North-South America. It was established by the World Health Organization, which is the executing agency and is co-sponsored by the United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Development Program, the World Bank and the World Health Organization.
TDR's vision is to foster an effective global research effort on infectious diseases of poverty in which disease endemic countries play a pivotal role. It has a dual mission of developing new tools and strategies against these diseases and developing the research and leadership capacity in the countries where the diseases occur. The TDR secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland, but the work is conducted throughout the world through many partners and funded grants.
Some examples of work include helping to develop new treatments for diseases, such as ivermectin for onchocerciasis (river blindness); showing how packaging can improve the use of artemisinin-combination treatment (ACT) for malaria; demonstrating the effectiveness of bed nets to prevent mosquito bites and malaria, and documenting how community-based and community-led programs increases the distribution of multiple treatments.
APPOINTMENT PROCEDURE: Appointments should be booked online at ugmedicalcentre.org or by calling 0302550843-5
OFFICIAL EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
TELEPHONE EXTENSION: 0302550843/44/45