Psychology is the science of mind and behaviour. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists also seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, linking the discipline to neuroscience. As a social science, psychologists aim to understand the behaviour of individuals and groups.
A professional practitioner or researcher involved in the discipline is called a psychologist. Some psychologists can be classified as social, behavioural, or cognitive scientists. Some psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behaviour. Others explore the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviours.
Psychologists explore behaviour and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, subjective experiences, motivation, brain functioning, and personality. Psychologists' interests extend to interpersonal relationships, psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas within social psychology. Psychologists also consider the unconscious mind. Research psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables. Some, but not all, clinical and counselling psychologists rely on symbolic interpretation.
While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in several spheres of human activity. By many accounts, psychology ultimately aims to benefit society. Many psychologists are involved in some kind of therapeutic role, practising in clinical, counselling, or school settings. Other psychologists conduct scientific research on a wide range of topics related to mental processes and behaviour. Typically, the latter group of psychologists work in academic settings (e.g., universities, medical schools, hospitals). Another group of psychologists is employed in industrial and organizational settings. Yet others are involved in work on human development, ageing, sports, health, forensics, and the media.
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